Statistical Agency under President of the Republic of Tajikistan:
Programme for statistical development
Multi-annual Integrated Statistical Programme (PDF)
The process for preparing the Multi-annual Integrated Statistical Programme (MISP) started in June 2004 with assistance of Alex Korns, the international consultant . Proposed tasks were based on IMF recommendations (ROSC), recommendations of other consultants (especially Aleksey Ponomarenko and Joseph Olenski) and wide consultation with subject matter units in Goskomstat. Selection of priority tasks was largely based on the three goals specified in the Paris 21 framework – that is, macroeconomic monitoring, monitoring of poverty, and other data priorities in the framework of the IMF’s General Data Dissemination System (GDDS).
The major strategic objectives for the MISP process is to upgrade Goskomstat methodological skills and automate its work across the board, while meeting the basic requirements for monitoring the macroeconomic situation and poverty, and the other major objectives of the GDDS.
The objectives will be reached by applying the following principles (corresponding to the UN Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics):
To make data available by improved, impartial dissemination
To improve data reliability
To ensure the practical relevance of statistical data
To ensure transparency of methods
To ensure confidential treatment of data
A higher-level vision for the statistical system can be formulated as: The system of official statistics in the Republic of Tajikistan shall contribute to the process of economic development and social and democratic reform by providing reliable and relevant information on the problems of society in support of fact based decisions.
The main priorities for the coming years are:
To update and develop the IT infrastructure;
To automate data capture and implement standard validation methods;
To improve dissemination and user contact;
To improve basic methodological skills, especially in sampling and seasonal adjustment;
To improve the national accounts;
To improve poverty data;
To implement international systems of classification.
The development of official statistics in Tajikistan requires a fundamental effort to strengthen methodological skills, as well as to build up certain divisions that will play a leading role in collecting priority data – more specifically the divisions for national accounts, for the business registry, for prices and household incomes, for methodology and for economic analysis. Total staff in these divisions, which now number only around 20 persons, needs to be increased by at least another 20 persons.
The development of IT infrastructure and competencies is fundamental in order to improve efficiency. The computerization of regional offices opens up the opportunity that raw data from respondents can be entered into databases and validated in the rayon, instead of merely being summarized in ‘svodi’ for transmission to higher levels. The databases thus created can be adjusted for nonresponse (for the first time) and tabulated at Goskomstat with standard and adhoc queries. Tabulations can also be sent to the regions for sharing with local government.
A major upgrading of the IT infrastructure (hardware, software, and networking) is urgently needed, combined with increased skills in the use of IT tools throughout the organisation. This upgrading will support many of the specific statistical activities in the plan. It is also urgent to eliminate unnecessary work and automate the remaining work, to free up resources for new tasks.
The main subcomponents of improving policy, regulatory and institutional framework are:
Improving relationship with decisions makers/administrations;
Improving dissemination in general and obtaining more feedback from users;
Reallocating resources within Goskomstat;
Strengthening human resources development.
Goskomstat will work to give a wider range of users easy access to statistics, by improving publications and the web site.
The major actions in the field of statistical infrastructure development are concentrated on:
Upgrading the national register of establishments;
Implementing of international classifications;
Learning skills in sampling;
Learning skills in seasonal adjustment;
Learning skills in evaluating and improving data quality.
Register use and data collection
The main source for the updating of the registry is the legal obligation to register with Goskomstat (among other agencies) when setting up a new enterprise or establishment. This registry should be the basis for the systematic monitoring of response and nonresponse for the system of annual, monthly and quarterly statistical surveys in the economic field. The business census will check on the activity status and the activity code of each unit, and add unregistered businesses.
Harmonisation of national classifications with international standards, is a requirement to ensure improved quality of the national statistics system and especially to provide comparability with international statistics. The national accounts division needs to receive data using the international classifications from other divisions in order to be able to process the data as required by SNA standards. Goskomstat will appoint a working group to supervise the implementation while acquiring related methodological skills by way of seminars and on the job training.
During the project, Goskomstat will set up a working group to master sampling skills. Basic skills would be learned in training sessions with consultants, study tours, and on-the-job training.
Two visits by an international consultant are planned to introduce seasonal adjustment software and to train the working group in its use. The second visit would take place 12 or more months after the first, to enable the consultant to address problems raised by staff after a year of experience in the use of the program.
The creation of databases in place of stepwise summaries will open new possibilities for evaluating and upgrading data quality in such ways as:
Validation of the data during data entry.
Preparation of technical notes for each data series, describing methods and documenting quality issues like nonresponse adjustment.
Basic actions in MISP frame
System of national accounts:
Investment and construction statistics:
Domestic trade statistics:
External trade statistics for goods and services:
Statistics of transport, services and tourism:
To rationalize the program of surveys by eliminating unnecessary questions and forms and developing new forms that are more suitable for individual farmers;
To carry out a sample survey of the 18,000 dekhan farmers (those with regular employees), now covered by an obligatory report.
2010 Census of Population:
Labour force statistics: