OVERVIEW

 

Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 3 quarter 2006 (PDF)

 

According to preliminary estimates, growth of real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in January - September 2006 as compared to the similar period of the previous year was positive and amounted to 7.6%.

 

Productin of grain as compared to the similar periof of the previous year decreased, while production of potatoes, vegetables, melons, fruits, and grapes increased.

 

During nine months of 2006, production of meat (live weight ) by farms of all categories increased by 3.6% as compared to the similar period of the previous year, production of milk increased by 3.8%, and production of eggs - by 7.5%.

 

Monthly inflation rate in consumerís sector made up 1.0% (against 0.63% in the corresponding period of the previous year).

 

During January-September 2006, the highest increase in prices was registered for carrot, cabbage, sand sugar, onion, rice, potatoes, beef, mutton, buckwheat, pea, live fish, milk, condensed milk, poultry meat, semi-smoked sausage, semolina, cotoon oil, etc..

 

Real increase of wages and salaries (deflated by the CPI) in September 2006 made up 15.1% as compared to August 2006, and 23.2% as compared to September 2005.

 

In September 2006, the lowest wages and salaries in real sector were observed in agriculture and forestry.

 

As of the end of September 2006, total arrears in salary payments for the republic amounted to 24669.2 thsd.somoni, of which arrears for September 2006 accounted for 13.2% (3261.6 thsd.somoni).

 

In  2005 and first half of 2006, average expenditures of population have risen mainly due to increase in prices. In total structure of householdís expenditures for food, bread and bread products occupies the first place (36.0%). Pensioners spend for food 68% of total consumer expenditures.

 

In the third quarter of 2006, increase in number of registered cases of tuberculosis by 0.6% (4.5% among children aged 0-14) as compared to the third quarter of 2005 was observed.

 

In the third quarter of 2006 as compared to the third quarter of 2005, number of cases of brucellosis among population decreased by 7.4%. At the same time, number of cases of brucellosis among children aged 0-14 increased by 5.7%.

 

According to preliminary results of Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS-3) conducted by the State Committee on Statistics of Tajikistan and UNICEF in 2005, child mortality rates are almost five times higher in children born to mothers with little or no secondary education as compared to those with higher levels of education. Children born into the poorer households (poorest quintile) interviewed are more likely to die during their first five years of life as compared to those living in wealthier environment.

 

Approximately 95 percent of children aged 15-26 months received a BCG vaccination by the age of 12 months. The first dose of DPT was given to 91 percent of these same children with the percentage declining for subsequent doses of DPT to 87 percent for the second dose, and 82 percent for the third dose. Similarly, 92 percent of children received the first dose of Polio vaccine by age 12 months with this declining to 79 percent by the third dose. The coverage for measles vaccine by 15 months is 86 percent.

 

The results of the survey shows that in Tajikistan the births of 88 percent of children less than five years of age have been registered. Children in urban areas are somewhat less likely to have their births registered (85 percent) than children in rural areas (90 percent). The lowest birth registration rates are observed in RRS and Dushanbe (81 and 83 percent).

 

The age pattern shows that a higher percentage of children aged 12-23 months are underweight or wasted as compared to children of other ages. However, for stunting the levels reach a plateau during the second to fifth year of life. This pattern is expected and is related to the age at which many children cease to be breastfed and are continuously exposed to contamination from the water, food and the environment.

 

Results of MICS-2003 showed that in 46 percent of households, salt was found to contain 15 parts per million PPM or more of iodine, that reveal an important progress made over the past five years.

 

The percentage of the population using an improved source of drinking water has increased in comparison to the MICS 2000 when the figure was only 57 percent. Use of public taps or standpipes has increased from 8 to 23 percent while surface water use has decreased from 33 to 25 percent.