Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 1 quarter 2006 (PDF)

According to preliminary estimates, growth of real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as compared to the similar period of the previous year was positive and amounted to 6.2% in January - March 2006.

The value of gross agricultural output in January - March 2006 in all categories of farms increased by 5.6% as compared to the corresponding period of the previous year and amounted to 133270 thsd.somoni (at current prices), of which: plant products - 796 thsd.somoni (increased by 15.2%), and animal products - 132474 thsd.somoni (increased by 5.5%).


In the first quarter of 2006, production of meat in farms of all categories increased by 5.4% as compared to the similar period of the previous year, milk - increased by 3.4%, eggs - by 8.6%.


Unemployment rate, including hidden unemployment, amounted to 3.1% of economically active population


Monthly average nominal wages and salaries of employees in March 2006 was 107.23 somoni, increasing by 10.8% as compared to February 2006, and by 22.2% as compared to March 2005. The lowest wages and salaries in real sector were observed in agriculture and forestry, amounting to 32.80 somoni and 37.93 somoni, respectively.


As of the end of March 2006, total arrears in salary payments for the republic made up 26526.7 thsd.somoni, of which arrears for March 2006 accounted for 13.8% (3655.7 thsd.somoni).


Monthly inflation rate in consumerís sector made up 1.13% (against 0.60% in the corresponding period of the previous year).


During 2006 retail prices of most basic foodstuffs increased significantly as compared to December 2005, except of flour, cotton oil and eggs. The highest increase of prices was registered for onion, sand sugar, potatoes, carrot, cabbage, milk, rice, and others.


Imports of wheat increased by 30% amounting to 82.5 thsd.tons (against 63.2 thsd.tons in the similar period of 2005), and imports of flour increased by 45% amounting to 111.7 thsd.tons (against 77.2 thsd.tons in the first quarter of 2005).


In 2005 the average daily calorie intake reached 2106.53 Kcal per capita and was higher the  recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) (2100 Kcal per a day). However, the adequate daily calorie intake is observed in rural area, while in urban area it was lower and amounted to 1823.12 Kcal per a day


In 2005, consumption of bread and bread products exceeded approved medical norm by 19%. Pensioners spend for food 74.57% of total consumer expenditures


The greatest number of cases of infectious diseases falls on spring and summer periods when population consumes more water and fresh vegetables and fruits. In this period, incidence of tuberculosis and brucellosis, caused by infected animal food is increasing. In the first quarter of 2006, the increase in  number of cases of brucellosis by 27.7% and tuberculosis by 28% was observed.


In the first quarter of 2006 incidence of infection diseases among children aged 0-14 increased by 10.7% as compared to the first quarter of 2005. Cases of acute enteric infections account for more than 60% of total number of infection diseases. As compared to the similar period of the previous year, number of cases of acute enteric infections increased by 49.9%, of which cases of bacterial dysentery  - by 66.7%, mainly due to use of poor potable water. At the same time, number of cases of typhoid fever decreased by 44.2%.


As of 1 January 2006, 61142 persons received monthly social benefits, of them 41637 persons (68.1%) were disabled persons. The size of social benefit is liken to minimum old age pension. The average size of benefit in 2005 was 10.70 somoni.