Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 4 quarter 2008 (PDF)
Ø According to preliminary estimates, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for January – December 2008 was valued at 17609287,4 thsd.somoni, and increased by 7.9% as compared to the corresponding period of 2007 (in constant prices). The biggest impact was due to increase of production in trade, agriculture, and services.
Ø As compared to the previous year, production of the following crops has increased: grain by 1.2%, potatoes – by 2.6%, vegetables – by 8.2%, melons – by 12.4%, fruits – by 66.9%, and grapes – by 0.8%. At the same time, production of raw cotton decreased by 15.9%..
Ø In 2008, imports of food products increased by 7.1% as compared to 2007. Imports of milk and dairy products increased by 36.7%, vegetable oil - by 57.9%. At the same time, imports of wheat decreased by 9.1% amounting to 258.1 thsd.tons (against 283.9 thsd.tons in 2007). Imports of flour increased by 4.3% amounting to 543.0 thsd.tons (against 520.6 thsd.tons in 2007)..
Ø In 2008, the increase of prices of foods outpaced those of non-foods. In December 2008 consumer’s prices of most basic foodstuffs increased significantly as compared to December 2007, except of prices for cotton oil and apples.
Ø The most important sources of cash incomes of households in 2008 continued to remain labor incomes – 49.2% and receipts from sales of agricultural products – 9.6%.
Ø During January-December 2008, consumption of bread and bread products exceeded approved medical norm by 17.7% in all regions of Tajikistan and amounted on average to 152.4 kg per one household member.
Ø In January - December 2008, 31.4 thsd.persons were on leave on initiative of administration, of them 19.7 thsd.persons (62.7%) were on leave without pay. Three thousand persons were working during incomplete working week / working day. Unemployment rate, including hidden unemployment, amounted to 3.7% of economically active population..
Ø From the beginning of 2008, 53.3 thsd.persons applied to employment offices for a job , which is less by 11.8% than in 2007; of them 40.5% (21.6 thsd.persons) were young people aged 15-29. All applied persons were unemployed; of them, 49.3% (26.3 thsd.persons) did not have a profession, and 40.7% (21.7 thsd.persons) didn’t have a qualification.
Ø In December 2008, the lowest wages and salaries in real sector were observed in agriculture and fishery, amounting to 124.98 somoni and 185.42 somoni, respectively.
Ø The cost of consumer’s basket, at actual consumption (according to household survey 2006) amounted to 88.18 somoni per one household member in prices of the end of December 2008, while the cost of food basket according to rational nutritional standards would amount to 174.46 somoni.
Ø As of the end of December 2008, total arrears in salary payments for the republic (inclusive of arrears for previous years) amounted to 20942.4 thsd.somoni, of which arrears for December 2008 accounted for 13.5% (2826.4 thsd.somoni).
Ø The highest arrears in salary payments are observed in real sectors: 13635.1 thsd.somoni (65.0% of total arrears) in agriculture, 3249.3 thsd.somoni (15.5%) in industry, and 1295.9 thsd.somoni (6.2%) in construction.