Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 4 quarter 2005 (PDF)
In 2005, according to current statistics, Gross Domestic Product amounted to 7201.1 mln.sonomi and in comparable prices increased by 6.7% as compared to 2004. The biggest impact was due to the increase of production in agriculture, industry and trade.
As compared to 2004, the production of grain, potatoes, vegetables, melons, and fruits has increased, while the production of grapes decreased. As compared to 2004, amount of sowed seeds of cereal crop and leguminous, including wheat decreased. In the fourth quarter 2005, the wholesale price of wheat increased, while retail prices decreased. In 2005, imports of wheat increased by 2.2 times as compared to 2004. Imports of food products in 2005 increased by 1.4 times as compared to 2004. Imports of vegetables increased by 2 times, milk and dairy products - by 19%, spaghetti, noodles and other - by 16%. Imports of flour increased by 1.6 times amounting to 351.3 thsd.tons (against 222.3 thsd.tons in 2004).
In 2005, consumer price index constituted 107,1%, of which for foodstuff - 108,3%, non-food products - 102,7%, and paid services to population - 109,3%. Monthly inflation rate in consumerís sector made up 0.60% (against 0.46% in the corresponding period of the previous year).
In 2005 the highest increase of prices was registered for potatoes, rice, evaporated milk formula, animal oil, milk, beef, sand sugar, apples, live fish, eggs, pea, mutton, margarine, pasta and cooked sausage.
At the same time, the highest decrease of prices was registered for cabbage, onion, carrot, light wheat flour, cotton oil, buckwheat.
According to preliminary estimates, the number of economically active populations in December 2005 was 2048.4 thsd.persons, of them 2004.8 thsd.persons (97.9%) were occupied in the economy, and 43.6 thsd.persons (2.1%) had an official status of unemployed.
In January - December 2005, 22.0 thsd.persons were on leave on initiative of administration, of them 19.7 thsd.persons (89.5%) were on leave without pay. 5.5 thsd.persons worked during incomplete working week or working day. Registered unemployment rate, including hidden unemployment, was 3.4% of economically active population, which is 2 time less than general unemployment. Thus, according to labour force survey (LFS 2004), total number of unemployed amounted to 196.0 thsd.persons, unemployment rate was 7.4% of economically active population.
During nine months of 2005, the most important sources of cash incomes of households continue to remain labor incomes and receipts from sales of agricultural products.
Pensioners spend about 74.3% of total consumer expenditures for food. In total structure of householdís expenditures for food, bread and bread products occupies the first place (25.5%). In all regions of Tajikistan consumption of bread and bread products exceeds approved medical norm by 14.8% and amounted on average to 111.6 kg during nine months of 2005 per one household member.
Relatively low wages and salaries impel population to look for additional sources of income, and additional job (or secondary employment) is considered to be one of such sources. According to LFS, more than 7% of population have additional job. Another 20% of population is looking for additional job. 80% of those who has additional work are engaged in personal subsidiary plots, and another 10% have individual business. According to LFS (July - August 2004), number of external labour migrants amounted to 320 thsd.persons.
As of the end of December 2005, total arrears in salary payments for the republic made up 27.5 mln.somoni.
The cost of consumerís basket, according to actual consumption (according to household survey 2003) amounted to 36.42 somoni per one household member in prices of December 2005, while the cost of food basket according to rational nutritional standard would amount to 86.84 somoni.
Food utilization also depends on the health status of the population as well as on the knowledge of hygiene and appropriate diets, on access to basic health services and utilities such as clean drinking water and sanitation.
As compared to 2004, number of cases of tuberculosis increased by 23.7%, brucellosis - by 14.1%, acute enteric infections - by 13.4%, of which number of cases of bacillary dysentery increased by 42.3%.
96% of cases of acute enteric infections, of them 35.8% of cases of bacillary dysentery and 40.3% of cases of typhoid fever fall on children aged 0-14.