OVERVIEW

 

Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 3 quarter 2009 (PDF)

 

 

·        According to preliminary estimates, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for January – September 2009 was valued at 14451.2 mln.somoni, and increased by 2.7% as compared to the corresponding period of 2008 (in constant prices). The biggest impact was due to increase of production in trade, agriculture, and services.

·        As of 1 October 2009 farms of all categories produced 1097706 tons of grain, 89962 tons of raw cotton, 399199 tons of potato, 706755 tons of vegetables, 337734 tons of melons, 147666 tons of fruits, and 81362 tons of grapes. As compared to the similar period of the previous yearб production of the following crops has increased: grain by 41,6%, potatoes – by 3,2%, vegetables – by 14,4%, melons – by 57,9%, and grapes – by 2,2%. At the same time, production of raw cotton and fruits decreased by 54,1% and 5,9%, respectively. In January – September 2009, farms of all categories produced 84281 tons of meat (or 104% as compared to the similar period of the previous year), 422348 tons of milk (102.9%), and 144216 thsd.eggs (137.1%).

·        In January - September 2009, the imports of food products decreased by 3.6% as compared to January – September 2008. Imports of vegetable oil decreased by 11.8%, eggs - by 10.9%; milk and dairy products – by 31.9%; imports of wheat decreased by 33.1% amounting to 273.7 thsd.tons (against 409.4 thsd.tons in January – September 2008). At the same time, the imports of flour increased by 64.4% amounting to 253.0 thsd.tons (against 153.9 thsd.tons in January – September 2008).

·        In January- September 2009, the increase of prices of foods outpaced those of non-foods. In September 2009, the consumer’s prices of most basic foodstuffs increased significantly as compared to September 2008, except of prices for cotton oil, wheat flour, potatoes, and carrot. In January-September 2009, the highest increase in prices was registered for apple (58.2%), cabbage (by 56.4%), sand sugar (by 51.1%), salt (by 29.6%), vodka and eggs (by 16.4%), rice (by 13.1%), tea (by 11.3%), coffee (by 10.4%), chocolate sweets (by 10.2%), live fish (by 9.1%), sour-milk products (by 9.0%), buckwheat(by 8.7%), semolina (by 6.5%), fruit and vegetable juices (by 6.4%), animal oil (by 5.7%), carrot (by 5.2%), sour cream (by 4.0%), beef  (by 3.2%), pasta (by 3.1%), mutton and cotton oil (by 2.8%), and poultry meat (by 1.3%).

·        In January - September 2009, 38.5 thsd.persons were on leave on initiative of administration, of them 20.1 thsd.persons (52.3%) were on leave without pay. Two thousand and nine hundred persons were working during incomplete working week / working day. Unemployment rate, including hidden unemployment, amounted to 4.0% of economically active population, and increased by 0.6% as compared to January – September 2008.

·        Increase of real wages and salaries (deflated by the CPI) in September 2009 made up 8.9% as compared to August 2009. As compared to September 2008, the real wages and salaries increased by 14.6%. In September 2009, the lowest wages and salaries in real sector were observed in agriculture and forestry, amounting to 99.55 somoni and 195.51 somoni, respectively.

·        As of the end of September 2009, the total arrears in salary payments for the republic (inclusive of arrears for previous years) amounted to 25668.9 thsd.somoni, of which the arrears for September 2009 accounted for 27.6% (7089.8 thsd.somoni). The highest arrears in salary payments are observed in real sectors: 12759,2 thsd.somoni (49.7% of total arrears) in agriculture, 5904,2 thsd.somoni (23.0%) in construction, and 3077,4  thsd.somoni (12.0%) in industry.

·        In January – June 2009, consumption of bread and bread products exceeded approved medical norm by 20.5% in all regions of Tajikistan and amounted on average to 117.45 kg per one household member.

·        In January – September 2009, share of expenditures for food in the structure of total household’s expenditures in urban area decreased by 1.1% as compared to January – September 2008; in rural areas it increased by 6.2%. Share of expenditures for food among households having 3 and more children also increased by 3%, while among pensioners it increased by 4.4%.