Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 2 quarter 2008 (PDF)
· According to preliminary estimates, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for January – June 2008 was valued at 6562016.0 thsd.somoni, and increased by 5,8% as compared to the corresponding period of 2007 (in constant prices).
· As of 1 July 2008 as compared to similar date of the previous year production of grain increased by 3,4%, potatoes – by 0,5%, vegetables - by 7,6%, melons - by 54,6%, fruits - by 93,4%, and grapes - by 87,4%.
· Imports of food products in the first half of 2008 increased by 6,4% as compared to the first half of 2007. Imports of milk and dairy products increased by 45,5%, vegetable oil - by 79%. At the same time, imports of wheat decreased by 19,4%.
· The most important sources of cash incomes of households in the first half of 2008 continued to remain labor incomes – 48,1% and receipts from sales of agricultural products – 12,2%.
· Average monthly salary in real sector in June 2008 was 199,49 somoni, increasing by 42,4% as compared to June 2007. Average monthly salary in non-production sphere in June 2008 was 245,25 somoni, increasing by 13,4% as compared to June 2007. Starting from 1 July 2008, the minimum salary in all sectors of economy and minimum pensions are 60 somoni per a month.
· The cost of consumer’s basket, at actual consumption (according to household survey 2006) amounted to 90,23 somoni per one household member in prices of the end of June 2008, while the cost of food basket according to rational nutritional standards would amount to 168,78 somoni.
· In the first half of 2008, in all regions of Tajikistan consumption of bread and bread products exceeded approved medical norm by 10,2% and amounted on average to 71,6 kg per one household member. In total structure of household’s expenditures for food, bread and bread products occupies the first place (42,3%).
· During 2008, the highest increase in prices was registered for rice, light wheat flour, beef, mutton, onion, milk, sour milk products, semolina, canned vegetables, sour cream, pearl barley, pea, fruit juice, pasta, cookie, live fish, sand sugar, chocolate sweets, cooked sausage, canned fish, poultry meat, evaporated milk formula, curd, and tea.
· The absolute total poverty and extreme poverty lines for the first time are derived from TLSS 2007 data. They are estimated as 139 and 89 somoni per capita per month respectively.
· Poverty and extreme poverty rates in November 2007 estimated as 53% and 17% respectively.
· Remittances from abroad is a significant source of income, and they reduce the risk of poverty. The more important role of the remittances is the reduction of poverty gap.
· The poverty in rural areas is slightly more widespread; there are significant differences in the poverty incidence across regions
· Large households, households with large number of children, female headed households, households with less educated heads are more vulnerable to poverty.