Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 3 quarter 2007 (PDF)



Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for January – September 2007 increased by 7.1% as compared to the corresponding period of 2006 (in constant prices).  As compared to the similar period of the previous year production of grain increased by 3,3%, potatoes – by 14,6%, vegetables – by 10,7%, melons – by 22,7%, and grapes – by 5,8%. At the same time, production of raw cotton and fruits decreased by 2,9% and 26,6%, respectively.


During 2007, the highest increase in prices was registered for light wheat flour (59.9%), cotton oil (40,9%), bread made from light wheat flour (32,2%), carrot (25,8%), beef (22,2%), milk (20,2%), mutton (18%), pasta  (15.8%), poultry meat (13.5%), semolina (13.4%), chocolate sweets (10.9%), filter-tipped cigarettes (7.9%), semi-smoked sausages (6.7%), margarine (5.5%), condensed milk (5.4%), buckwheat (4.8%), animal oil (3.6%), live fish (2.4%), and apples (1.3%).


By the end of September 2007, the price of flour reached 1.7 somoni per kg increasing by 45.3% as compared to the end of June 2007. In January - September 2007, the imports of wheat increased by 4.3% as compared to the similar period of 2006.


The most important sources of cash incomes of households in January - September of 2007 continued to remain labor incomes - 51.7% and receipts from sales of agricultural products - 11.7%.  


Increase of real wages and salaries (deflated by the CPI) in September 2007 made up 10,7% as compared to August 2007, and 6,8% as compared to September 2006.


In September 2007, the lowest wages and salaries in real sector were observed in agriculture and forestry, amounting to 76,35 somoni and 161,33 somoni, respectively.


As of the end of September 2007, total arrears in salary payments for the republic made up 25.5 mln.somoni.


In  January - September of 2006 and 2007, average expenditures of population have risen mainly due to increase in prices.  In January - September 2007, the average share of expenditures for food  all over the republic was 59.2% and increased by 1.5%


In January - September 2007 the average daily calorie intake decreased to 1984.67 Kcal per capita, which is below the  recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) (2100 Kcal per a day).


In January - September of 2007, in all regions of Tajikistan consumption of bread and bread products exceeded approved medical norm by 28.7% and on average amounted to 106.2 kg per one household member.


Consumption of food products varies by decile groups of the population. Thus, during nine months of 2007 average per capita consumption of potato in 10% most well-off population group exceeded that in 10% least well-of population group by 100%, meat and meat products – by 4.1 times, eggs – 4 times, milk – by 2.8 times, fruits – by 2.7 times, vegetables and melons – by 2.3 times.


The cost of consumer’s basket, at actual consumption (according to household survey 2006) amounted to 58.85 somoni per one household member in prices of end of September 2007, while the cost of food basket according to rational nutritional standard would amount to 126.94 somoni.