Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 2 quarter 2005 (PDF)
According to preliminary estimates, growth of real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was positive and amounted to 8.1% in the first half of 2005 as compared to the first half of 2004. The biggest impact was due to the increase of production in agriculture, industry and trade. The value of gross agricultural output in the first half of 2005 increased by 6.8% as compared to the corresponding period of the previous year, of which output of plant products increased by 9.4%, and output of animal products increased by 4.4%. Production of grain in the first half of 2005 as compared to the first half of 2004 increased by 6.9%, production of vegetables increased by 6.3%, melons - by 13.8%, and fruits - by 1.8%. During this period, production of potato decreased by 2817 tons (or 1.9%), and grapes - by 432 tons (or 20.9%). Production of milk decreased by 1.6%. Imports of vegetables also decreased by 40%, milk and dairy products - by 20%, and spaghetti, noodle, etc - by 24%.
Monthly inflation rate in consumerís sector made up 0.68% (against 0.17% in the corresponding period of the previous year). In the first half of 2005, the increase of prices of foods outpaced those of non-foods.
From the beginning of 2005 the highest increase of prices was registered for cabbage, carrot, rice, potatoes, apples, evaporated milk formula, condensed milk, as well as spaghetti and semolina. Increase in prices of potato was caused by less planting (as compared to the previous year), as well as weather conditions and late maturing. As a result, production of potato decreased by 2% as compared to the corresponding period of the previous year.
Imports of wheat increased by 3.6 times as compared to the first half of 2004, but this fact did not stimulate the decrease of wheat retail prices. Imports of flour increased by 1.4 times amounting to 159.1 thsd. tons (against 93.0 thsd. tons in the first half of 2004). During this period the price of light wheat flour decreased by 0.4%.
The most important sources of cash incomes of households continue to remain labor incomes - 57% and receipts from sales of agricultural products - 17.4%. In the first quarter of 2005, the gap between the average incomes of the highest and the lowest income deciles amounted to 11.6 times. In the first quarter of 2005, average expenditures of population have risen mainly due to increase in prices, and in total structure of householdís expenditures, expenditures for food, bread and bread products occupies the first place (26.9%). In all regions of Tajikistan consumption of bread and bread products exceeds approved medical norm by 16%.
The average accrued monthly wages and salaries of employees in June 2005 amounted to 91.10 somoni and was higher by 7.7% than in May 2005. As compared to June 2004, it increased by 1.5 times.
In real terms (deflated by the CPI), monthly wages and salaries increased by 7.4% in June 2005 as compared to May 2005. And as compared to June 2004, they increased by 36.3%.
As of the end of June 2005, total arrears in salary payments for the republic made up 27.9 mln. somoni.
In the first quarter of 2005, the amount of actually paid lump-sum birth benefits increased by 1.7 times, and amount of child benefits increased by 1.6 times. In 2005 compensations to low-income families with children studying in secondary schools covered 25% of all pupils.
The greatest number of cases of infectious diseases falls on spring and summer periods when population consumes more water and fresh vegetables and fruits. In this period, incidence of tuberculosis and brucellosis, caused by infected animal food is increasing. Share of acute enteric infections in total number of infection diseases was 70%, for children of 0-14 years old, this indicator reached 86.5%.
According to Republican Nutrition Center under the Ministry of Health Care of the Republic of Tajikistan, the following typical nutritional disorders, having significant health influence, were discovered during nutritional status survey among pupils: poor vitamins A, B2, iron and calcium, etc. intake, caused by lower consumption of animal origin products; incidence of iron deficiency among pupils aged 15 was 46% for girls and 42% for boys; a diet of surveyed pupils is characterized by extraordinary sameness and poor variety of products.