OVERVIEW

 

Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 1 quarter 2009 (PDF)

 

 

     According to preliminary estimates, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for January March 2009 was valued at 3312549.2 thsd.somoni, and increased by 3.5% as compared to the corresponding period of 2008 (in constant prices).

     In January - March 2009, 24.2 thsd.persons were on leave on initiative of administration, of them 17.6 thsd.persons (72.5%) were on leave without pay.  One thousand and seven hundred persons were working during incomplete working week / working day. Unemployment rate, including hidden unemployment, amounted to 3.4% of economically active population, and decreased by 0.5% as compared to the first quarter of 2008.

     As of the end of March 2009, the number of vacancies, offered by enterprises through employment offices increased by 25.9% as compared to the similar period of 2008, and amounted to 17.4 thsd. places. The number of vacancies for blue-collar job increased by 42.6% and amounted to 7.8 thsd. (44.6% of total number of vacancies).

     As of 1 April 2009, the share of areas under cereals and leguminous cultures accounted for 76.7% of all sown areas, under technical cultures 14.5%, of which under cotton 11.2%, under feed crops 3.8%, under potatoes, vegetables and melons 3.0%.

     The area sown to potatoes amounted to 2.5 thsd.ha, which is higher by 0.7 thsd.ha than at the corresponding time last year. Similarly, vegetables were sown on 8.3 thsd.ha that is higher by 2.5 thsd.ha than in the corresponding period of the last year.

     In the first quarter of 2009, the imports of wheat increased by 26.6% as compared to the first quarter of 2008.

     In March 2009, the consumers prices of most basic foodstuffs increased significantly as compared to March 2008, except of prices for cotton oil, eggs, wheat flour, and apples.

     The cost of consumers basket, at actual consumption (according to household survey 2008) amounted to 96.86 somoni per one household member in prices of the end of April 2009, while the cost of food basket according to rational nutritional standards would amount to 189.26 somoni.

     In the first quarter of 2009, consumption of bread and bread products exceeded approved medical norm by 23.1% in all regions of Tajikistan and amounted on average to 40 kg per one household member.

     The consumption of food products varies by decile groups of the population. Thus, in the first quarter of 2009, the average per capita consumption of potatoes in 10% most well-off population group exceeded that in 10% least well-of population group by 30%, meat and meat products 2.4 times, eggs 1.7 times, fruits 2 times.