Food security and Poverty Information Bulletin for 1 quarter 2008 (PDF)
According to preliminary estimates, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in January – March 2008 increased by 3,2% as compared to the corresponding period of 2007 (in constant prices). The biggest impact was due to increase of production in industry, trade, agriculture, and services.
Monthly inflation rate in consumer’s sector made up 0,87% (against 0,73% in the corresponding period of the previous year).
In January – March 2008, farms of all categories produced 17732 tons of meat (or 109,4% as compared to the similar period of the previous year), 108690 tons of milk (104,2%), and 27800 thsd.pieces of eggs (104,5%).
In March 2008 consumer’s prices of most basic foodstuffs increased significantly as compared to December 2007, except of prices cotton oil, eggs and carrot.
Share of expenditures for food among vulnerable groups of population increased up to 3%.
In total structure of household’s expenditures for food, bread and bread products occupies the first place (34.9%).
Consumption of food products varies by decile groups of the population. Thus, during the first quarter of 2008 average per capita consumption of potatoes in 10% most well-off population group exceeded that in 10% least well-of population group by 70%, meat and meat products – by 6 times, eggs – 3 times, fruits – by 2.4 times.
The cost of consumer’s basket, at actual consumption (according to household survey 2006) amounted to 82,92 somoni per one household member in prices of end of March 2008, while the cost of food basket according to rational nutritional standard would amount to 156,53 somoni.
In January – March 2008, 29,6 thsd.persons were on leave on initiative of administration, of them 8,2 thsd.persons (27,7%) were on leave without pay. 1,5 thsd.persons were working during incomplete working week / working day. Unemployment rate, including hidden unemployment, amounted to 3.9% of economically active population. As of the end of March 2008, total arrears in salary payments for the republic (inclusive of arrears for previous years) amounted to 21598,4 thsd.somoni, of which arrears for March 2008 accounted for 9,2%.
As of the end of March 2008, the number of vacancies, offered by enterprises through employment offices increased by 0,5% as compared to the similar period of 2007, and amounted to 13,8 thsd. places. At the same time, the number of vacancies for blue-collar job decreased by 10,1% and amounted to 5,4 thsd. (39,4% of total number of vacancies).
The highest arrears in salary payments are observed in real sectors: 13986,6 thsd.somoni (64,8% of total arrears) in agriculture, 2974,9 thsd.somoni (13,8%) in industry, and 1461,4 thsd.somoni (6,8%) in construction.
In the first quarter of 2008 incidence of infection diseases among population decreased by 7,8% as compared to the first quarter 2007. Cases of acute enteric infections account for 29,7% of total number of infection diseases. As compared to the similar period of the previous year, number of cases of acute enteric infections decreased by 13,5%, of which cases of typhoid fever – by 67,5%, and bacterial dysentery - by 3,1%. During the reporting period, increase in number of cases of tuberculosis among children of 0-14 years old by 5% as compared to the first quarter of 2007 was observed. Number of cases of brucellosis increased by 47%.
As of 1 January 2008, 71229 persons received monthly social benefits, of them 33952 persons (47,7%) were disabled persons. The size of social benefit is liken to minimum old age pension. The average size of social benefit in 2007 was 25,87 somoni.
(in constant prices).