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News

10.04.2013
Presentation of preliminary results of the Demographic and Health Survey in Tajikistan

 On April 9, 2013 the Statistical Agency under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan held a round table to present the preliminary results of the Tajikistan Demographic and Health Survey (TjDHS-2012).

The presentation was attended by Mrs. Bobohodzhaeva Lola Sadriddinovna, Head of the Health Department of the Executive Office of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan; Ms. Susan Elliott, Ambassador of the United States to Tajikistan; Mrs. Mukhammadieva Bakhtiya Ziedulloevna, Director of the Statistical Agency under the President of Tajikistan; Mrs. Dzhabirova Saida Boboevna, First Deputy Minister of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan; the representatives of ministries and departments, international organizations and the media.

Director of the Statistical Agency Mukhammadieva Bakhtiya Ziedulloevna expressed profound gratitude to the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan for the support to carry out this survey; to the U.S. government and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) represented by Ms. Susan Elliott, Ambassador of the United States to Tajikistan, for provision of financial and technical support; to the UNFPA Tajikistan Country Office for additional funds for the survey; to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan for provision of consulting assistance and training to the Agency employees. The Director said that she was pleased to present the results of the 2012 Tajikistan Demographic and Health Survey (TjDHS-2012) to the users of statistical information.

Head of the Department on Social, Health, Women and Family Affairs of the Executive Office of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Bobohadzhieva Lola Sadriddinovna said in her speech that President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon points out in almost every speech that one of the main objectives of the Republic of Tajikistan is to provide the population of the country with fruitful conditions. In pursuing these aims one of the priorities within the framework of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan is to improve the quality of services in the public health system, maternal and child mortality, reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS and infectious diseases. She also noted that the first Demographic and Health Survey in Tajikistan will help to obtain new statistics for decision making.
Mrs. Bobohodzhaeva extended gratitude to the U.S. government represented by Mrs. Susan Elliott, Ambassador of the United States to Tajikistan, on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, and the UNFPA Tajikistan Country Office for provision of timely financial and technical support to conduct the survey. She also expressed appreciation to all the staff of the Statistical Agency under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Ministry of Health for the survey timely conducted and provision of the results.

Mrs. Susan Elliott, Ambassador of the United States to Tajikistan in her speech also noted: "It is impossible to make a decision or plan anything without data. Demographic and Health Survey, supported by the USAID, provides decision-makers in the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and our international partners with the latest reliable statistics regarding the health status of the population."
Demographic and Health Survey is one of the many assistance projects implemented by the American people. Since 1992 the American people have been providing humanitarian aid and programs to improve the living standards of the population of Tajikistan, through the promotion of democratic institutions in Tajikistan, public health system, educational system and economic development system.
Mrs. Dzhabirova Saida Boboevna, First Deputy Minister of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan, in her speech said that the outcome of the survey is a good tool for the evaluation of existing health programs, and can also be used to develop new strategies to improve the health status and health services for the population, especially women and children in Tajikistan.

Mr. Kulov Abduvali, the head of demography, employment and social statistics department, presented preliminary results of the 2012 Tajikistan Demographic and Health Survey. He said that according to the survey results there have been positive changes in health indicators in Tajikistan for the last years.
Assessment of the levels and trends of infant and child mortality is one of the important tasks of the 2012 TjDHS because mortality rates of these groups are considered to be the key indicators of socio-economic status and quality of life in the country.

The under-5 mortality rate for 2008-2012 was 43 per 1,000 live births; the infant mortality rate (the number of deaths of children under one year of age) was 34 per 1,000 live births. This is almost 2 times lower (79 per 1,000 and 65 per 1,000 live births) than the rates of the 2005 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) which points to a significant reduction in child mortality during the years between the two surveys.
The probability of survival in children up to a certain age in Tajikistan is relatively low compared with the mortality rate of the recent DHS conducted in some neighboring countries; for example, the infant mortality rate in the five years preceding the survey was 13 and 14 per 1,000 live births in the 2010 Armenia DHS and the 2007 Ukraine DHS respectively, which is significantly below the 2012 TjDHS. On the other hand, the probability of survival in children in Tajikistan is better than the indicators listed in the Afghanistan maternal mortality survey 2010 (55 per 1,000 live births), the 2006 Azerbaijan DHS (43 per 1,000 live births), and 2006 2007 Pakistan DHS (78 per 1,000 live births).

According to the 2012 TjDHS the total fertility rate (TFR) for the three-year period preceding the survey was 3.8 children per woman. TFR among rural women (3.9 children per woman) is higher than among urban women (3.3 children per woman).
Fertility rates of the 2012 TjDHS can be compared with the results of the DHS conducted in neighboring countries. TFR (3.8 children per woman) in Tajikistan is lower than the birth rate identified as a result of the Afghanistan maternal mortality survey 2010 (5.1 children) and the 2006 Pakistan DHS (4.1 children), but it higher than the value of other DHS held in Azerbaijan in 2006 (2.0 children) and in Armenia in 2010 (1.7 children).

Percentage of women who were assisted by skilled health personnel at childbirth in Tajikistan amounted to 87 percent and the proportion of women who had births in health facilities was 77 percent, the same as indicators of the 2006 Azerbaijan DHS (89 and 78 percent, respectively). According to the 2010 Armenia DHS indicators, the coverage of health care for women at childbirth by medical personnel (100 per cent), as well as in medical establishments (99 percent), was much higher in Armenia than in Tajikistan.

From journalists was asked many questions about fertility and mortality in the Republic of Tajikistan and to all concerned of their questions were answered.

The 2012 TjDHS program was developed to collect national and regional data on fertility and contraceptive use, maternal and child health, child and maternal mortality, domestic violence against women, as well as knowledge and behavior towards tuberculosis, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.